About Bulguk-sa Temple

Bulguk-sa Temple, located in Gyeongju, Korea, is one of the best known symbols of Korean Buddhism. It is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Bulguk-sa Temple was founded during King Jinul’s reign (the 19thKingofSilla,417-458) by Master Ado (阿道和尙). The Prime Minister Kim, Dae-seong, a prominent politician of Silla court, restored and expanded Bulguk-sa Temple in memory of his parents in the present life in 751 (the 10thyearofKingGyeongduk’s reign), while he created the cave temple of Seokguram Grotto for his parents of the previous life.



The realization of Buddha land is a long-cherished dream in Silla, and Bulguk-sa Temple is a utopia of Buddhism itself established in the mundane world, a terrestrial paradise of the land of Buddha.

The grounds of Bulguk-sa Temple are divided into three areas using wooden buildings and stone pagodas, representing Samsara of Sakyamuni Buddha; the paradise of Amitahba Buddha, and the abode of Haweum of Vairocana Buddha.



Despite being repeatedly demolished and reconstructed during its 1,700-year long history, Bulguk-sa Temple has never ceased to faithfully serve Koreans by comforting their pain and protecting the Buddha-Dharma.



Bulguk-sa Temple as we see today is a modern restoration done from 1969. Many buildings and stone terraces have been restored including the Main Buddha Hall and Jaha Gate.

Bulguk-sa Temple enshrines numerous national treasures such as the stone pagodas of Dabo-tap and Seokga-tap and Seokguram Grotto, attracting millions of visitors each year who come to admire the treasures borne of 1,700-year tradition of Korean Buddhism and culture.

Bulguk-sa Temple is also the host to the Dharma seminary and a Seon center with hundreds of resident monks, continuing the pure Dharma lineage of intense Buddhist study and practice.

Seokguram Grotto




Gyeongju, a City World Renowned for its History and Culture

Gyeongju, the glorious capital of Silla for 992 years (新羅, BCE 57 AD 935).

Officially sanctioned during the reign of King Beopheung (514~540) in Silla, Buddhism flourished into the flowering of a magnificent Buddhist culture and played an important role in Silla’s success in unifying Goguryeo and Baekje in 676.

Bulguk-sa Temple and Seokguram Grotto were listed as the UNESCO World Heritage site in 1995.


Gyeongju Historic Areas followed suit in 2009, which consist of three components, or ‘belts’ (Mt. Nam Belt, Wolseong Belt and Tumuli Park Belt). Gyeongju Historic Areas also cover Hwangnyong-sa Temple site and Myeonghwal Fortress.

In addition, the historic village of Yangdong, which is located in the vicinity of Gyeongju, was inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List in 2010. As such, Gyeongju boasts three properties on the UNESCO World Heritage Register, earning the fame as a world-class cultural and historical city.


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